Interpreting the Catskills

The Catskill Mountains of the Hudson Valley are part of the Appalachian Mountain Range and is considered a dissected plateau created by erosion. It is known around the world for its natural beauty, its arts colonies such as Byrdcliffe, the comedy resorts of what was known as the “Borsch Belt”, the 1969 Woodstock Festival and, if I may add, Woodstock Chimes. It has been inhabited by the Algonkian peoples and later discovered by the Dutch, the French and many other cultures.

The groundbreaking of the Maurice Hinchey Interpretive Center. Left to right: Garry Kvistad, The Catskill Center for Conservation and Development co-founder Sherritt Chase, activist Kathy Nolan, congressman Maurice Hinchey and NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Joseph Martens
The groundbreaking of the Maurice Hinchey Interpretive Center. Left to right: Garry Kvistad, The Catskill Center for Conservation and Development co-founder Sherritt Chase, activist Kathy Nolan, congressman Maurice Hinchey and NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Joseph Martens

In the past, interpreters were necessary to bring this diverse group of people together and now the interpretation of the region will be in the form of an interpretive center. The effort to create such a center began in the 1980s and has been postponed for many years for many reasons. I recently attended the groundbreaking ceremony for this center which will be in Mount Tremper, located in the heart of the Catskills some 30 miles west of the Hudson River. The center is named after our former congressional representative, Maurice Hinchey, due to his dedication to environmental issues during his many years of service to our community.

Jay & Molly Ungar
Jay & Molly Ungar singing “This Land Is Your Land” by Woody Guthrie

Several organizations have come together to finally make the center a reality including the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The New York City Department of Environmental Protection, The Catskill Center for Conservation and Development and The Friends of The Catskill Interpretive Center. The Adirondack Park has two such centers so it’s only fair that the Catskill Park is now given such a resource. Many speeches were given during the groundbreaking and representatives from each of the supporting organizations were in attendance. A musical tribute was presented by our local friends Jay Ungar & Molly Mason. Jay & Molly’s unique sound can be heard on many of Ken Burns’ documentary film soundtracks such as the beautiful Ashokan Farewell heard throughout the Civil War series. Who knows when this building will be completed but it’s the beginning of an effort to attract visitors and educate the public. I for one am delighted to live in this amazing area.

Here’s a video clip of Jay & Molly Ungar singing!

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catskill_Mountains

http://www.catskillinterpretivecenter.org/index.html

 

Steve Reich and Philip Glass Reunion Concerts at BAM in Brooklyn

Steve Reich, Me and Philip Glass
Steve Reich, Me and Philip Glass

As a member of the Steve Reich and Musicians ensemble since 1979, I’ve participated in several premiere performances at the Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM) through the years. Last week I had the honor of being part of a three-day series of concerts showcasing both Steve Reich’s and Philip Glass’s music at this prestigious concert hall. Each night’s concert was split between their two groups and the concerts were sold out almost immediately, which gave 6,000 people three spectacular performances of major contemporary works. This series was in part a celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Nonesuch Records which has featured these two composers in many of its productions. Bob Hurwitz, President of Nonesuch Records just joined Nonesuch Records in the early 80’s, as we were premiering Steve’s Desert Music at BAM with Michael Tilson Thomas and the Brooklyn Philharmonic. We recorded this work the day after the performance.

Philip Glass and Steve Reich after the first concert
Philip Glass and Steve Reich after the first concert

In the mid-1960s a few composers were experimenting with new forms of composition. Among them were Steve Reich and Philip Glass. Their influences were quite varied and included African and Indian music, jazz, classical music and the gamelan music of Bali as well as the music of Terry Riley, La Monte Young and Moondog. At the time this music was considered experimental and the venues often were lofts in Manhattan or private gatherings.

Me, backstage with Harvey Lichtenstein
Me, backstage with Harvey Lichtenstein

In the mid-1970s, Harvey Lichtenstein, executive director of BAM, programmed many of these artists, giving them a large-scale venue to present their works. This led to the Next Wave Festivals which began in the early 1980s.

While Philip Glass and Steve Reich are often lumped together under the category of “minimalism”, this series of three concerts clearly illustrated the huge differences of their output. I performed in compositions of Steve’s in each of the three concerts. The first night included Music for 18 Musicians which won the group a Grammy for its 1998 recording. The second night we played Steve’s 1971 composition, Drumming. The last night, I played in his 1985 work, Sextet for two piano players and four percussionists.

Philip Glass and me in the green room at BAM
Philip Glass and me in the green room at BAM

Other Reich works performed included Four Organs, Clapping Music, Video Phase and WTC 911. The Philip Glass Ensemble played many of Glass’ compositions, including several excerpts from his famous Einstein on the Beach opera. Between the two groups there were over 30 performers and everyone came out at the very end for a full company bow to a standing ovation.

Minimalism has achieved very high acceptance and groups throughout the world now play this style of music. There is even a joke about minimalism which proves its acceptance in society: Knock knock, who’s there? Knock knock, who’s there? Knock knock, who’s there? Knock knock, who’s there? Philip Glass.

Here is the NY Times review of this series

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/15/arts/music/after-decades-steve-reich-and-philip-glass-reunite-at-bam.html?_r=0

Bob Hurwitz speaking at the reception following the first concert
Bob Hurwitz speaking at the reception following the first concert

 

One of the early members of Steve Reich & Musicians, Russell Hartenberger,  performed Clapping Music with Steve Reich
One of the early members of Steve Reich & Musicians, Russell Hartenberger,
performed Clapping Music with Steve Reich

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Percussionists from both groups from left to right are: Bob Becker, Yousef Sheronick, Frank Cassara, Steve Reich, Garry Kvistad, Thad Wheeler, Russell Hartenberger, and David Cossin (not pictured Gary Shall)
Percussionists from both groups from left to right are: Bob Becker, Yousef Sheronick, Frank Cassara, Steve Reich, Garry Kvistad, Thad Wheeler, Russell Hartenberger, and David Cossin (not pictured Gary Shall)
Steve Reich performing with the Philip Glass Ensemble in Philip’s  Music in Similar Motion (1969)
Steve Reich performing with the Philip Glass Ensemble in Philip’s
Music in Similar Motion (1969)
A last minute addition to the program, David Cossin performs his adaptation of the duo Piano Phase using drum pads while playing along with his video of the other player
A last minute addition to the program, David Cossin performs his adaptation of the duo Piano Phase using drum pads while playing along with his video of the other player

Living and Eating in the Hudson Valley

Home of Woodstock Chimes
Home of Woodstock Chimes

Woodstock Chimes’ headquarters is located in the heart of the Mid-Hudson Valley of New York State. Our facility is in the watershed of New York City’s pure reservoir system and we are surrounded by the beautiful Catskill Mountains. The Hudson River. which inspired many artists and musicians throughout the years, is also nearby. The area is rich in the arts, offering many galleries and concert venues. Our region also offers a wonderful variety of locally produced foods and spirits. If you find yourself in the area, I would like to recommend a few of my culinary favorites.

Bakery

Bread Alone
Bread Alone

- Bread Alone Bakery / Café (breadalone.com)
Located in Boiceville, Woodstock, Rhinebeck and soon in Kingston offers a huge variety of organic breads,
pastries and more. They also have cafés which offer great meals and espresso drinks. The Bread Alone Logo was designed by our famous local friend Milton Glaser (he also created the “I Love NY” graphic and campaign). Say hi to Dan or Sharon for me.

Bread Alone
Bread Alone

“Bread Alone Bakery began with a simple loaf; handcrafted organic with the finest grains. We have grown to include three cafés and have spread the simple goodness of bread from NYC to the Berkshires. Stop by our cafés, market booths or shop online for fresh gift baskets and more!” Dan Leader, Baker / Founder.

Mexican

Taco Juan
Taco Juan

- Taco Juan’s Restaurant, Woodstock
If you like great burritos and cheese nachos, you must check out Taco Juan’s. Located in the heart of Woodstock, this small location offers many things to eat including super delicious locally produced Jane’s Ice Cream. Simple ambience but the rest of the village makes up for that. A few doors down, you’ll find one of the largest selections of Woodstock Chimes in the country at Topka. Say hi to Bob for me.

 

Armadillo
Armadillo

- Armadillo Restaurant, Kingston (armadillos.net)
This quaint hang has the best Margaritas in town. The cuisine is a nice blend of Southwest and Mexican and the fish is excellent. My favorite is the tuna. They have a lot of vegetarian choices too. The owner is a social activist working with the community to help others. They are dog friendly, so bring Fido and let him enjoy the outdoor patio with you. Say hi to Meryl for me.

Pizza

- LaFlorentina Restaurant, Kingston (laflorentina.net).
They have been making spectacular northern Italian style gourmet pizzas in their wood-fired stone oven long before the craze and continue to be consistent in quality. They also make their own pastas and offer a selection of wine and beers. We love their lentil soup! I always order the Mauceri stuffed pizza (filled with spinach and ricotta, its center topped with red cabbage; served with porcini mushroom or sesame sauce.) Say hi to Ammar for me.

New American Cuisine

Bear Cafe
Bear Cafe

- Bear Café Restaurant, Bearsville / Woodstock (bearcafe.com)
This is a world class restaurant located on the grounds of the former Bearsville Recording Studio. The studios were founded by Albert Grossman who managed the many local groups in the 1960’s such as Bob Dylan; Janis Joplin; Jimmie Hendrix; Peter, Paul and Mary, to name a few. They all recorded at the Bearsville Studios along with the Rolling Stones and the Beatles. The performers needed a place to eat, so the Bear Café was created. A great people watching spot. Say hi to Peter for me.

 American Eclectic Cuisine

 Depuy Canal House- Depuy Canal House, High Falls (depuycanalhouse.com)
The New York Times gave Chef John Novi a four star rating in 1970 and the Canal House has been receiving high praise ever since. Housed in the historic 1797 Stone House Tavern, you can dine among John’s wealth of antiques and even sit at a long table in the kitchen to observe this artistic chef do his thing. The Sunday Brunch is so good, you might consider it a religious experience. Say hi to John for me.

 Asian

There are so many great Asian restaurants, I’ll just name a few here:
Yum-Yum Noodle Bar in Woodstock and Kingston (yumyumnoodlebar.com)
Wok and Roll Japanese Sushi in Woodstock (live music six nights a week)
Kyoto Sushi in Kingston (kyotokingston.com)
Kodomo Sushi and Hibachi Grill with two locations Kingston (kodomony.com)
Tell them the windchime guy sent you.

 Out the Way, Incredible in Many Ways (with music at nights often)

- Yoma Café in West Shokan on Rt 28A serves home-cooked meals to order. Breakfast through dinner. Say hi to Mary for me. BYOB
The Country Inn in Krumville / Olivebridge (krumville.com). The food is excellent but you might want to go there for the hundreds of beers from around the world, including dozens on tap such as Chimay from Belgium. Say hi to Peter for me.

Rosendale Cafe
Rosendale Cafe

- The Rosendale Café in Rosendale, of course (rosendalecafe.com). If you are a vegetarian, you won’t have to ask if it has meat in anything because it won’t. Everything is quite delicious and they serve beer and wine. Say hi to Susan and Mark for me.

 

                              Local Produce and Gourmet Foods

Sunflower Natural Foods
Sunflower Natural Foods

- Sunflower Natural Foods, Woodstock and Rhinebeck (sunflowernatural.com)
All of their food additions since 2013 are certified organic and Non-GMO. Their new location across the river in Rhinebeck has a fantastic café. The owners are very community-minded and support local growers and artists. You’ll find a huge selection of Herbal Remedies and Vitamins there with a knowledgeable staff to assist you. Say hi to Bob for me.

Adams Fairacre Farms
Adams Fairacre Farms

- Adams Fairacre Farms has four locations in Kingston, Wappinger’s Falls, Poughkeepsie and Newburgh (adamsfarms.com)
Adams carries produce from many of the local farms as well as cheeses from around the world. They also feature Bread Alone Breads and Woodstock Chimes.

 

Take Out

Blue Mountain Bistro
Blue Mountain Bistro

Blue Mountain Bistro To Go (bluemountainbistro.com)
– An amazing deli with a pastry and espresso counter. Say hi to Richard and Maryanne for me. Here’s what they have to say about their offerings:
• Local, artisanal, and hand-crafted foods such as homemade cheeses, soups, desserts, dressings, marinades, vinegars, spreads, preserves, honeys, syrups and other goods from our gourmet food store
• Fresh available organic produce from local Hudson Valley area farms
• Grass-fed beef and locally-raised chicken in prepared meals
• Healthy foods that are prepared on premise and free of artificial preservatives, colors, flavors, sweeteners and hydrogenated fats
• The Mediterranean way of eating with an emphasis on flavor derived from fresh herbs, garlic and olive oil
• Food that is prepared with love and care in the “slow food” tradition with the ease of a “to go” option!
• An ever-changing seasonal take-away menu as well as favorite gourmet menu staples at affordable prices
• Being a resource for good living and entertaining for our vibrant Hudson Valley and Catskills Mountain community

If you find yourself in Woodstock or Rhinebeck, have dinner at one of these places (there are many other great restaurants in both towns) and then check out Upstate Films. They show great films you won’t find at the Mall and their popcorn is actually good! Rosendale still has one of the few single screen theaters in the country as well. Enjoy and let me know what you think about these places!

Stressful Boredom

Opera is considered one of the most refined musical art forms. It combines instrumental music, theater and singing to a very high level. Some of the most profound music is from the opera repertory. Many of the major composers throughout history have written operas beginning with early works of composers such as Monteverdi and continuing to the present day including Phillip Glass, John Adams and Steve Reich. My NEXUS colleague, Russell Hartenberger, was the Timpanist in the Toronto Opera Company for many years and my brother Rick Kvistad has been principal percussionist with the San Francisco Opera for over 40 years. Rick explains the experience of the percussionist in the opera as “stressful boredom”.

Photo: Steve Wolf
Photo: Steve Wolf

Having just finished my third season as timpanist with the Phoenicia International Festival of the Voice orchestra, I understand what Rick is saying. The percussion section and to a certain degree the timpanist mostly wait for their parts to come up. For orchestral literature, percussionists count measures rest, sometimes in the hundreds. For the opera, however, percussionists often mark the time between entrances in hours and minutes. Some percussionists have even been known to leave the pit between entrances and run errands (no names mentioned).

Hak Soo Kim, Lucas Meachem, Maria Todaro in the Barber of Seville Photo: Steve Wolf
Hak Soo Kim, Lucas Meachem, Maria Todaro in the Barber of Seville
Photo: Steve Wolf

The Phoenicia International Festival the Voice just concluded its fifth season. This amazing five day summer festival was the brainchild of Metropolitan Opera superstars and a world-class pianist (www.phoeniciavoicefest.org). Louie Otey, Maria Todaro and Justin Kolb have created something incredibly special right here in the heart of the Catskills. The orchestra, led by Maestro David Wroe, included fantastic musicians from the New York metropolitan area, including members of the New Jersey Festival Orchestra, which Wroe conducts. Rick, Russell, Chris Earley and I have played percussion and timpani for the last several years. This year, the festival presented the Barber of Seville. In the past, the festival has presented Madame Butterfly and Rigoletto. Puccini wrote for a chromatic octave of tuned gongs in Madame Butterfly. Luckily I had a set which is a rare situation even in many of the established opera companies.

Rehearsal for opening night at the festival with flamenco musicians and dancers. Conductor Elizabeth Scott on far right and singer Solange Meridian.
Rehearsal for opening night at the festival with flamenco musicians and dancers. Conductor Elizabeth Scott on far right and singer Solange Meridian.

In addition to the opera production, a tremendous number of performances and workshops are given during the five day festival. This summer included a high energy flamenco concert based on Manual De Falla’s El amor Brujo.

Jose Todaro and David Wroe Photo: Violet Snow
Jose Todaro and David Wroe
Photo: Violet Snow

The Friday night concert featured the orchestra in popular Spanish and Italian songs starring Maria Todaro’s father Jose Todaro. Jose is a superstar in France and he won over the audience immediately as he continued to enthrall everyone for two hours.

One of the more difficult challenges for a percussionist is to know when to play. Often, the indication in the music is to tacit (not play) until a later time without showing the measures or any music notation. That interval could be minutes or hours. Also, long segments of recitative, spoken parts go by quickly while the conductor marks this time occasionally. Knowing when these segments are over can be a challenge. In other words, stressful boredom!

I hope I don't look bored because I am not! A little stressed maybe.
I hope I don’t look bored because I am not! A little stressed maybe.

It’s nice to know that summer opera is alive and well, at least in the Catskills. While funding is being cut in school music programs, arts council funding is diminishing and ticket prices are often astronomical, there are boutique style venues popping up all over the country. Just across the river, Bard College offers a summer program entitled Summerscape which often includes large scale opera productions. Right down the road from Phoenicia, the Belleayre Ski Center has a summer music festival which also offers an operatic production each summer. There’s plenty of stressful boredom to go around.

Marketing versus Sales

Drill Hole / Bit
Drill Hole / Bit

Early on in the beginning years of Woodstock Chimes, I attended a talk given by a marketing executive of the Stanley Tool Company. I walked away with a very important message. He explained the difference between marketing and sales using a simple drill bit. Basically, he said that they sell drill bits but they market the hole made by the drill bit. It was one of those “aha” moments for me. From then on I realized I was selling windchimes but marketing the sound created by those chimes. For me the most important aspect of our product is the way they sound. The second most important feature is the way they look. However, whether you are looking at them or not, you would hear them playing every time a breeze activated them. So, from the very beginning, many marketing considerations focused on the sound of our products.

Garry and Diane Kvistad Cincinnati Craft Fair in 1979
Garry and Diane Kvistad Cincinnati Craft Fair in 1979

As a musician, I make sure that the chimes are not only musically and historically accurate but produce the best and most exciting sounds possible. Simply put, to achieve this, the scale or melodies of the chimes and the accurate tuning must be carefully executed. I also realized early on that my contribution here is to ensure that this level of quality is always primary in the development and production of all of our products. I also want to convey this quality through our marketing efforts. This includes the information found on our website, the hangtags of each product, our printed literature and the information available to all of our sales force and retail partners.

betsy
Betsy Harrington, Senior VP, Sales

Another realization early on was that the best sales people had clearly defined skills which I felt I lacked. So while I continued my marketing effort, I let those best suited to sell my musical designs do so. The first great sales person was my wife, Diane. From the very beginning, as we traveled we would search out stores we felt were a good match for our chimes. While I sat in the car, Diane would go inside and brag about what I had created. Musicians don’t take well to the audience booing and I never accepted rejection well from a buyer. A good salesperson, does not take it personally and moves on. Sometimes, however, it takes many attempts to be successful. I guess I am not very patient when it comes to this. Luckily Diane is, and so is Betsy Harrington, our incredible sales manager.

Garry and Stacey Bowers, Executive VP, at the NY International Gift Fair in 1983
Garry and Stacey Bowers, Executive VP, at the NY International Gift Fair in 1983

In the first year of business, we visited a local shop specializing in handmade crafts. Diane talked to the owner in the store (yes, I was outside in the car) and showed her our Chimes of Olympos, the only product that we were making at that time. The owner immediately said this was not something they could sell and turned us down. Diane then left the store followed by one of their customers. Out on the street the customer said just how much she loved the sound of the product and wanted to know where she could buy one. Luckily, Diane just happened to have one to sell her. While the rejection from the store owner was tough, the reaction from the customer was encouraging. Diane did not give up, approaching the store every year until the buyer finally decided to give it a try three years later. We have been selling to this account for over 30 years and it continues to be one of our best accounts.

Diane and Garry Kvistad at the NY International Gift Fair in 2007
Diane and Garry Kvistad at the NY International Gift Fair in 2007

This situation happened over and over. Whenever I am on a musical tour, I try to visit the stores in the area that carry our products. It does take an effort for me to introduce myself unannounced. Diane always encourages me to do this and so, one time I was in Minneapolis and visited an account there. It was a large store with many Woodstock Chimes hanging all over. I approached the young clerk at the counter and introduced myself saying, “Hi, I’m Garry Kvistad and I own Woodstock Chimes.” She looked at me and simply replied, “a lot of people own Woodstock Chimes,” and turned away. This is one of the reasons I don’t feel well-suited as a sales person. I think I’ll stick to design and marketing!

Unusual Instruments – Sound Effects

Percussionists are often called upon to play instruments that are sometimes not even classified as percussion instruments. A huge category within this subset are sound effects. Sound effects used in movies began with Jack Foley in 1927. Foley Art is used throughout the film industry today and many of Jack’s techniques are still a mainstay in this world. Another leading figure in the world of sound effects was the late, great Tom Keith of A Prairie Home Companion fame. He used vocal sounds as well as props. Michael Winslow can be heard in the Police Academy movies doing amazing things with only his voice. There’s a wonderful scene in Monty Python and the Holy Grail where two of the members pretend they are riding on horseback while one of them makes the sound of horses hooves with coconut shells. “Are you suggesting coconuts migrate?” Percussionists in the orchestra often play instruments that imitate whips, anvils, bird calls, Cathedral bells and animal sounds that are scored by composers such as Aaron Copland, Ferde Grofe, George Gershwin, Richard Wagner, Leroy Anderson and Franz Josef Haydn to name a few . Yet another great reason to be a percussionist!

Unusual Instruments – Jawbone

Image
Quijada: Jawbone of an Ass

Percussionists are often called upon to play unusual instruments. One such instrument is the quijada or the jawbone of an ass (donkey). This instrument is mostly found in South America, Central America and the Caribbean. I own two of them, one of which I bought in the mid-1970s while on tour in Austria of all places. This is probably not an instrument endorsed by PETA since it is literally the jawbone of a large animal left to dry, cleansed of all but bone and teeth.  The teeth are removed and reinserted into the socket, held in by wires, thus allowing the teeth to rattle. The method of playing is much like that of a tuning fork as it’s held by the closed end and struck on one side of the open end, generally with one’s fist. This creates a vibration that moves the teeth rapidly, creating a dry rattling sound.

It is used traditionally in various forms of Latin popular music. However, modern composers such as John Cage have included this instrument in some of their works. The most notable work of John Cage that uses a quijada is his Third Construction written in 1941. It is scored for four percussionists, one of which plays the quijada, a conch shell trumpet and several other unusual instruments. Cage referred to this piece as his Bolero since it is very lively and an audience favorite. In the 50s or 60s, a percussion manufacturer, Latin Percussion, designed a vegan version of this instrument made of wood and metal and is often used in modern orchestras and small ensembles.

There are a lot of drummer jokes out there. My offering is, “Who plays the jawbone of an ass?” The answer, “Another one that still has his jawbone.”